Research Design

Pragmatism and the choice of research strategy

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 3-19. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Introduces and traces the history of the methodological paradigm wars and brings readers up to the state of affairs (albeit, 1998). Discuss the ‘warring’ positions and the evolution of thinking regarding pragmatism and the development of mixed methods approaches to social science research.

Research design issues for mixed method and mixed model studies

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 40-58. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Discusses the concept of triangulation from various perspectives and the variety of approaches to implementing mixed methods research. Builds on Patton’s (1990) discussion of ‘mixed form’ design to a broader model in order to develop a taxonomy for distinguishing various mixed method designs and approaches.

The integration of fieldwork and survey methods

Sieber, Sam (1973) American Journal of Sociology, 78(6): 1335-1359 Description: Describes history and rationale for integrating fieldwork and survey methods and the nature of how traditional approaches will need to be adapted for practical applications

Scientific Foundations of Qualitiative Research

Ragin, Charles C., Nagel, Joane, & White, Patricia (2004) National Science Foundation Report Description: Report generated by a NSF workshop on qualitative research methods. Two main sections: 1) provide a general guidance for developing qualitative research project and 2) recommendations for strengthening qualitative research

Paradigms lost and pragmatism regained: Methodological implications of combining qualitative and quantitative methods

Morgan, D. L. (2007) Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(1): 48-76 Description: Background on the emergence of mixed method research approaches and suggestions for guiding paradigm shift toward 'pragmatic' approaches in social science research

Mixed methods research: A research paradign whose time has come

Johnson, R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004) Educational Researcher, 33(7): 14-26 Description: Positions mixed methods as natural complement to traditional qual and quant research, to present pragmatism as attractive philosophical for mixed methods research, and provide framework for designing and conducting mixed methods research

Toward a definition of mixed methods research

Johnson, R. Burke, Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., & Turner, Lisa A. (2007) Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(2), 112-133 Description: Examines the definition of the emerging mixed methods research field. Surveyed major authors in the mixed method literature with regard to definition for the field and key issues that need to be addressed as the field advances. Results show a consensus of mixed methods as an emerging ‘research paradigm’ and a breadth of opinion around definition for the field.

What good is polarizing research into qualitative and quantitative?

Ercikan, Kadriye & Roth, Wolff-Michael (2006) Educational Researcher, 352(5), 12-23 Description: The authors argue against a polarization between qualitative and quantitative methods and the associated polarization between “subjective” and “objective” evidence. In doing so, they encourage an understanding of the meaninglessness of such a distinction and the value of taking a more integrated approach. Finally, they map a more “continuous” perspective to addressing the needs of a particular research question and the study design and methodological decisions that follow.

Integrating quantitative and qualitative research: How is it done?

Bryman, Alan (2006) Qualitative Research, 6(1), 97-113. Description: Draws on a content analysis of methods and design from 232 articles using combined methods. Examine and discusses the rationales provide for employing mixed-methods and whether they correspond to actual practice.

Mixing qualitative and quantitative research in developmental science: Uses and methodological choices

Yoshikawa, H., Weisner, T. S., Kalil, A., & Way, N. (2008) Developmental Psychology, 44(2): 344-354 Description: Describes and discusses choices for using mixed methods from a practical perspective and discusses common pitfalls and how to aviod them.


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