Quantitative Methods

Quantitative and Qualitative Inquiry in Educational Research: Is there a paradigmatic difference between them?

Niglas, Katrin (1999) Paper presented at the European Conference on Educational Research, Lahti, Finland, September 22-25. Description: Discusses the distinctions between qualitative and quantitative methodological approaches in educational research. Seeks to compare and contrast the characteristics and assumptions of these approaches toward dispelling the notion of paradigm ‘wars’ and in the interest of improving the quality of research in education.

Cultural consensus as a statistical model

Romney, A. Kimball (1999) Current Anthropology, 40 (Supplement), S103-S115. Description: Discusses history, theory, and strategy for the use of statistical models in the discovery of cultural consensus. Introduces issues related to data collection strategy and the use of empirical data to identify and represent cultural characteristics.

A framework for the study

Creswell, John W. (1994) In J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 1-19. Description: Straightforward practical discussion about thinking about and planning qualitative or quantitative research. How to determine which paradigm to work from and the rationale for particular choices.

Introduction to mixed method and mixed model studies in the social and behavioral sciences: Paradigm wars and mixed methodologies.

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 20-39. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Encourages a focus on the research question as a guide to deciding on methods to apply in a particular study and comfort in cross the boundaries between pure interpretations of particular paradigmatic characteristics. Describes the nature and limitation of various mono-methods.

Pragmatism and the choice of research strategy

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 3-19. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Introduces and traces the history of the methodological paradigm wars and brings readers up to the state of affairs (albeit, 1998). Discuss the ‘warring’ positions and the evolution of thinking regarding pragmatism and the development of mixed methods approaches to social science research.

Research design issues for mixed method and mixed model studies

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 40-58. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Discusses the concept of triangulation from various perspectives and the variety of approaches to implementing mixed methods research. Builds on Patton’s (1990) discussion of ‘mixed form’ design to a broader model in order to develop a taxonomy for distinguishing various mixed method designs and approaches.

What good is polarizing research into qualitative and quantitative?

Ercikan, Kadriye & Roth, Wolff-Michael (2006) Educational Researcher, 352(5), 12-23 Description: The authors argue against a polarization between qualitative and quantitative methods and the associated polarization between “subjective” and “objective” evidence. In doing so, they encourage an understanding of the meaninglessness of such a distinction and the value of taking a more integrated approach. Finally, they map a more “continuous” perspective to addressing the needs of a particular research question and the study design and methodological decisions that follow.

Integrating quantitative and qualitative research: How is it done?

Bryman, Alan (2006) Qualitative Research, 6(1), 97-113. Description: Draws on a content analysis of methods and design from 232 articles using combined methods. Examine and discusses the rationales provide for employing mixed-methods and whether they correspond to actual practice.

Research design issues for mixed method and mixed model studies

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 40-58. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Discusses the concept of triangulation from various perspectives and the variety of approaches to implementing mixed methods research. Builds on Patton’s (1990) discussion of ‘mixed form’ design to a broader model in order to develop a taxonomy for distinguishing various mixed method designs and approaches.

Reasoning with numbers

Handwerker, W. Penn & Borgatti, Stephen P. (1998) In H. R. Bernard (Ed.), Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, pp. 549-593. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press. Description: Presents a comprehensive set of techniques for representing the world through numbers and argues that there are many things to be missed when neglecting these approaches. With a focus on “answering research questions,” the authors weave this presentation into a discussion of perspective and methodological decisions from various fields.

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