Qualitative and Mixed Methods

The integration of fieldwork and survey methods

Sieber, Sam (1973) American Journal of Sociology, 78(6): 1335-1359 Description: Describes history and rationale for integrating fieldwork and survey methods and the nature of how traditional approaches will need to be adapted for practical applications

Scientific Foundations of Qualitiative Research

Ragin, Charles C., Nagel, Joane, & White, Patricia (2004) National Science Foundation Report Description: Report generated by a NSF workshop on qualitative research methods. Two main sections: 1) provide a general guidance for developing qualitative research project and 2) recommendations for strengthening qualitative research

Systematic field observation

McCall, George J. (1984) Annual Review of Sociology, 10: 263-282 Description: Discusses the history and types of field observation methods from a sociological perspective. Offers a role-expectations view of observation systems requiring a reconceptualization of system development and the nature, sources, and management of error.

Mixed methods research: A research paradign whose time has come

Johnson, R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004) Educational Researcher, 33(7): 14-26 Description: Positions mixed methods as natural complement to traditional qual and quant research, to present pragmatism as attractive philosophical for mixed methods research, and provide framework for designing and conducting mixed methods research

Toward a definition of mixed methods research

Johnson, R. Burke, Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., & Turner, Lisa A. (2007) Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(2), 112-133 Description: Examines the definition of the emerging mixed methods research field. Surveyed major authors in the mixed method literature with regard to definition for the field and key issues that need to be addressed as the field advances. Results show a consensus of mixed methods as an emerging ‘research paradigm’ and a breadth of opinion around definition for the field.

Unleashing Frankenstein’s Monster? The use of computers in qualitative research.

Hesse-Biber, Sharlene (2004) In H. R. Bernard (Ed.), Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, pp. 549-593. In S. N. Hesse-Biber and P. Leavy (Eds.), Approaches to Qualitative Research: A Reader on Theory and Practice, pp. 535-545. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Description: Presents and discusses issues and controversy related to the use of computers in qualitative research. What are the benefits and trade-offs when working from a variety of perspectives.

What good is polarizing research into qualitative and quantitative?

Ercikan, Kadriye & Roth, Wolff-Michael (2006) Educational Researcher, 352(5), 12-23 Description: The authors argue against a polarization between qualitative and quantitative methods and the associated polarization between “subjective” and “objective” evidence. In doing so, they encourage an understanding of the meaninglessness of such a distinction and the value of taking a more integrated approach. Finally, they map a more “continuous” perspective to addressing the needs of a particular research question and the study design and methodological decisions that follow.

Integrating quantitative and qualitative research: How is it done?

Bryman, Alan (2006) Qualitative Research, 6(1), 97-113. Description: Draws on a content analysis of methods and design from 232 articles using combined methods. Examine and discusses the rationales provide for employing mixed-methods and whether they correspond to actual practice.

Mixing qualitative and quantitative research in developmental science: Uses and methodological choices

Yoshikawa, H., Weisner, T. S., Kalil, A., & Way, N. (2008) Developmental Psychology, 44(2): 344-354 Description: Describes and discusses choices for using mixed methods from a practical perspective and discusses common pitfalls and how to aviod them.

Research design issues for mixed method and mixed model studies

Tashakkori, Abbas & Teddlie, Charles (1998) In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie, Mixed Methodology: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, pp. 40-58. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Description: Discusses the concept of triangulation from various perspectives and the variety of approaches to implementing mixed methods research. Builds on Patton’s (1990) discussion of ‘mixed form’ design to a broader model in order to develop a taxonomy for distinguishing various mixed method designs and approaches.


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